What is food allergy? Symptoms and Treatments

What is food allergy?

Food allergy is a condition in which denudation to some food that triggers a harmful immune response. The immune response is called an allergic reaction in which it occurs when the immune system becomes offensive against the protein present in the food that normally is harmless. These proteins triggers the allergic reaction is known as allergens. Anaphylaxis is a serious and chronic allergic reaction from which a person can be dead on the spot.

In fact, they have been discovered in 5 percent of adults and 8 percent in children has been affected from food allergy and it is rising day by day. This food allergy has become an extremely common condition in the world. For people who have food allergies even a little exposure to small quantity of food allergens can cause an allergic reaction. Some cases of patients get severe and difficult to treat.

Eight Major Food Allergens:

There are eight major food allergens which are discussed in detail as follows:

1. Milk:

It affects 2 to 3 % of babies and toddlers. But 90 % of children will outgrow this condition by the time they are three by making it less common in adults. Who has this allergy will have symptoms like hives, swelling, vomiting and rashes.


You should not eat or drink anything which is a product of milk like butter, yogurt, cheese, ice cream, milkshakes, etc.

2. Tree Nuts:

A tree nut comes from tree and it is an allergy of seeds and nuts. And it is responsible for the 50% of anaphylaxis related deaths.

Treatment: You should not eat food products made from nuts like oils and nut butter. Always carry an epi-pen with you and it is a device to inject a shot of adrenaline in the body that is having an allergic reaction.

3. Wheat:

It causes immune response to one of the hundreds of proteins found in wheat and that results in wheat allergy.

Symptoms: Of it are digestive distress, vomiting, swelling, etc.

Treatment: Avoid wheat products and cosmetic products which contain wheat.

4. Fish:

Fish allergies mostly affect the adults more than children. Symptoms: Diarrhea and vomiting, etc.

Treatment: Carry an epi-pen in case of anyone eats fish accidentally.

5. Eggs:

68% of children which are allergic to eggs will outgrow this allergy by the time they are 16 plus.

Symptoms: Respiratory problems, stomach ache, skin reactions, etc.

Treatment: Only treatment of it is egg free diet.

6. Shellfish:

There is an allergy which occurs when a person eats shellfish this can cause fatal allergic reaction. Examples of shellfish are shrimps, lobster, prawns, scallops, crayfish and squid.

Symptoms: stomach pain, etc.

Treatment: Remove allshellfish from your diet. Don’t go near to seafood when it’s being cooked because of its vapors.

7. Peanuts:

Like other tree nut allergies, this allergy is very common and severe allergic reactions. It affects 4-8% in children and 1-2% in adults.  

Treatment: Avoid the use of peanuts and its products.

8. Soy:

This allergy is mostly found in infants and toddlers. This allergy in children is triggered by a protein in soybeans or in its products. Most common triggers of it are soy sauce or soy milk.

Symptoms: tingly mouth, asthma, itchiness, etc.

Treatment: Do not use soy or soy products in your diet.