type 2 diabetes

What Is Type 2 Diabetes:

This is the most common form of diabetes. In this type of diabetes, the pancreas produces insulin through the b cells but the body is incapable to use it because cells of the body oppose the action of insulin. Type 2 diabetes may not carry the same risk of bereavement from ketoacidosis but it includes the risk of other factors such as done by type 1 diabetes (in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin).  

Persons who have it they may experience hyperglycemia (excessive level of glucose in the bloodstream). And many people do not require injections of insulin. They can be treated by maintaining a healthy balanced diet, oral hypoglycemic agents (medicine taken by mouth to lessen the blood sugar level) and exercise.

Which food you have to eat and do not want to eat:

Fat and protein they do not impact blood sugar directly but should be eaten by you to keep weight in healthy range and calories down.

Carbohydrates:

You have to eat carbohydrates which are broken down into glucose for energy and have direct impact on blood sugar level. Eat a variety of food in moderate portions with high content of carbohydrate to achieve your goal of targeted blood sugar level. It includes grains, fruits, dairy, vegetables, etc.

Grains:

Good for you: brown rice, whole-wheat pasta, whole-wheat bread, quinoa and whole-grain cereal.

Not good for you: pastries, white bread, sugary breakfast cereal, white rice, also white pasta.

Fruits: Worst for you: packaged juices, canned fruit, dried fruits, fresh juices.

You should eat: oranges, peaches, kiwi, pear, apple, apricot, banana, cherry, grape, berry, melon.

Dairy: Good: unsweetened kefir, low sodium cottage cheese (non-fat), skim milk, plain Greek yogurt. Not Good: chocolate milk or flavored one, full-fat yogurt, sweetened kefir, full-fat cheese.

Vegetables: Best for you: Spinach, kale, cucumber, onions, cauliflower, jicama, broccoli, asparagus. Eat in moderation: beets, sweet potatoes, corn, pea, white potato, and yam.

Protein: The protein rich food can promote weight loss, keep you satiated and lowers the insulin resistance in your body.  

Not good: roast beef, sausages, bacon, sweet protein shakes, flavored nuts, turkey, pepperoni, hot dogs.

Good: beans, eggs, skinless chicken, canned tuna in water, legumes, salmon, tofu.

Fat: By eating the fat in moderate form can help you to attain control over blood sugar level, to lose weight and reduces cravings for appetite.

Right for you: olives, butter, avocadoes, plant oils, chia seeds, almond, pistachio, pecan, edamame, walnut.

Not right for you: coconut oil, junk food, cookie, doughnut, muffin, cake, beef, lamb, palm oil, fast food.

Advice on Foot Care:

Examine your feet daily: Every day in the morning and evening check your feet from the bottom and between the toes. Look for any irritated spot, splinter, sore, cut, and blister.

Footwear: You should wear soft socks and shoes that cover your feet and toe. Don’t walk with barefoot.

Moisturize your feet: After washing and drying your feet then moisturize them but do not put lotion direct between your toes it will not get absorbed.

Trim nails: Trim the toenails of your feet and file them for smooth edges.